Bovine anaplasmosis, caused by blood-borne parasite, is most prevalent tick-transmitted disease of cattle worldwide.
While annual water investments in U.S. livestock dropped 36% from 1960 to 2016, projected rise in global population will continue to demand improvements in water efficiency.
Hawaii Department of Agriculture plans to enact administrative rules within two years that include care and transport provisions mirroring federal animal export standards.
Improved TB diagnosis could support management of infected animals and reduce disease prevalence over time.
Enhancing organic acid absorption through development of rumen microbiota could mitigate acidosis.