Pest control technologies currently in use within the poultry industry primarily rely on spraying pesticides, but these have several limitations. These include: (1) only 0.3% of the sprayed pesticide goes directly into the target pest, while 99.7% enters the surface or groundwater and may contaminate them, (2) sprayed pesticide often forms aerosol which can cause respiratory problems to poultry upon inhaling, and (3) sprayed pesticide can be readily degraded even at ambient conditions (e.g., room temperature, rain, natural sunlight, etc.).
This week, USPOULTRY and the USPOULTRY Foundation announced the completion of a funded research project at the University of Kansas Center for Research, Inc., in which researchers evaluated pesticide embedded paint for poultry facilities. The research was made possible in part by an endowing Foundation gift from Wayne Farms and is part of the USPOULTRY’s comprehensive research program encompassing all phases of poultry and egg production and processing.
Dr. Gibum Kwon, at the University of Kansas Center for Research Inc., completed research with the primary objective of developing pest repellent paint for poultry facilities and assessing its long-term performance.
During the course of the project, researchers developed the paint by copolymerizing epoxidized soybean oil (ESO), permethrin, capsaicin and citric acid. Various coating parameters included compositions, thickness and crosslinking densities. Pest-repellency tests were conducted, and results showed that the paint’s pest repellency remained almost unchanged, even after 12 months, indicating that this pest repellent paint may benefit those involved in poultry production.
Research results indicate the paint may benefit the poultry industry that are involved in production, such as poultry breeding, hatcheries and feed services. Additionally, it may benefit poultry processing sectors such as meat and egg processing as well as packaging.