Holstein calves Young dairy cows_Mercedes Rancano Otero_iStock_Getty Images-802362184.jpg Mercedes Rancano Otero/iStock/Getty Images

Rumen fluid inoculation may optimize weaning process

Inoculating young ruminants with fresh rumen fluid may accelerate rumen development parameters.

Ruminants are born with a physically, metabolically and microbially undeveloped rumen, which becomes functional during the preweaning period. Furthermore, rumen development is limited under artificial rearing systems when newborn animals are separated from the dam, fed on milk replacer and weaned at an early age, researchers in Spain wrote in the

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