Compression from tires and ruts from cattle or horse traffic can permanently damage pastures, and heavy rainfall can worsen that damage.
Modified intensive early stocking may improve several performance measures for both cows and calves.
Sanitation and manure management critical to fly control in dry-lot beef cattle systems.
Biosecurity and testing are essential components, alongside immunization against bovine viral diarrhea.
Presque Isle case is Michigan's 75th cattle herd identified with bovine TB since 1994.