Second-generation biofuels may hold potential

Research collaboration demonstrates potential environmental sustainability benefits in full life-cycle assessment of second-generation biofuels.

Numerous studies have raised critical concerns about the ability of corn-based ethanol to mitigate climate change and reduce dependence on fossil fuels. Some of the studies have suggested that, after a full life-cycle assessment — meaning an analysis of the environmental impact throughout all stages of a product's life — biofuels like corn ethanol may not offer any greenhouse gas emission reductions relative to petroleum fuels, according to the University of Pittsburgh.

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