Dairy intake may affect risk of breast cancerDairy intake may affect risk of breast cancer
While yogurt appears to reduce breast cancer risk, some cheeses may slightly increase risk.
March 1, 2017
Specific dairy foods may influence breast cancer risk in women, although the risk varies by the source of the dairy product, according to a study published online ahead of print in the journal Current Developments in Nutrition.
Researchers at the Roswell Park Cancer Institute reported that while high overall consumption of dairy products — yogurt in particular — is linked to a lower risk for breast cancer, high intake of American and cheddar cheeses and cream cheese was associated with a slightly increased risk for breast cancer.
The case-control study examined the association between the types and quantity of dairy foods consumed among 1,941 women diagnosed with breast cancer and 1,237 control participants in the Roswell Park Data Bank & BioRepository between 2003 and 2014. Participants’ usual intake of dairy foods was identified using a self-administered food frequency questionnaire and grouped into monthly intakes of total dairy, milk, yogurt, low-fat cheese, other cheese and sweet dairy products. The study adjusted for age, race, body-mass index, menopausal status, energy intake, type of milk usually consumed, cigarette smoking status and family history of breast cancer.
“Dairy foods are complex mixtures of nutrients and non-nutrient substances that could be negatively as well as positively associated with breast cancer risk. Future studies are needed to confirm the protective potential of yogurt in this type of cancer,” said Dr. Susan McCann, professor of oncology in the Roswell Park department of cancer prevention and control and lead author of the study.
“This study of the differences among women and their consumption of dairy products offers significant new understanding into the potential risk factors associated with breast cancer,” added senior author Dr. Christine Ambrosone, senior vice president for population sciences and chair of the department of cancer prevention and control. “While diet is thought to be responsible for 30% of all cancers, we hope that further research will help us to more fully understand which food products are most valuable in terms of reducing risk for this disease.”
This research was supported, in part, by a grant from the National Cancer Institute (award no. P30CA016056). The study, “Usual Consumption of Specific Dairy Foods is Associated with Breast Cancer in the Roswell Park Cancer Institute Data Bank & BioRespository,” is available at cdn.nutrition.org.
The mission of Roswell Park Cancer Institute is to understand, prevent and cure cancer. Founded in 1898, the institute is one of the first cancer centers in the country to be named a National Cancer Institute-designated comprehensive cancer center and remains the only facility with this designation in upstate New York. The institute is a member of the prestigious National Comprehensive Cancer Network, an alliance of the nation’s leading cancer centers; it maintains affiliate sites and is a partner in national and international collaborative programs.
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