Feedstuffs is part of the Informa Markets Division of Informa PLC

This site is operated by a business or businesses owned by Informa PLC and all copyright resides with them. Informa PLC's registered office is 5 Howick Place, London SW1P 1WG. Registered in England and Wales. Number 8860726.

young pig in barn with straw_borevina_iStock_Getty Images-961585720.jpg borevina/iStock/Getty Images

Torula yeast product may replace fish meal in weanling pig diets

Compared to fish meal, new torula yeast product provides same amount of digestible amino acids and metabolizable energy but less phosphorus.

A new University of Illinois study found that amino acids from a new torula yeast product are more digestible by young pigs than amino acids from fish meal.

"We cannot supply all the amino acids for weanling pigs with soybean meal. We need another source. We used fish meal for a long time, but that is getting too expensive. There are also issues with price and quality volatility, supply and sustainability with fish meal," said Hans H. Stein, professor in the University of Illinois department of animal sciences. "Our study shows we can use the torula yeast product instead of fish meal in diets for weanling pigs."

Stein and doctoral student Vanessa Lagos determined the digestibility of amino acids, energy and phosphorus in a new type of torula yeast produced from woody biomass from the forestry industry, according to an announcement from the University of Illinois.

The yeast consumes and metabolizes sugars released from wood and then is pasteurized and dried to a high-quality protein ingredient that can be fed to animals, the university explained.

In a series of experiments, the researchers quantified digestibility in diets that had yeast or fish meal as the only source of protein. In the first experiment, weanling barrows were fed a cornstarch-based diet with one of the two protein sources, and digesta were collected and analyzed after five days. The standardized ileal digestibility of crude protein and all amino acids was greater for the torula yeast product than for fish meal.

"The yeast has a lower concentration of amino acids, but we saw greater digestibility. Therefore, we get the same amount of digestible amino acids from the yeast as we could get from fish meal," Stein said.

In the second experiment, weanling pigs were fed corn-based diets supplemented with yeast or fish meal. Results indicated that digestible and metabolizable energy did not differ between the two protein sources, the announcement said.

A third experiment determined the digestibility of phosphorus by feeding the two sources of protein with or without phytase.

"Fish meal contains a lot of calcium and phosphorus compared to yeast. However, like the amino acids, the phosphorus in yeast was more digestible than fish meal. There is just less of it," Stein said. "Ultimately, the torula yeast product provides same amount of digestible amino acids and metabolizable energy as fish meal, but a little bit less phosphorus. That's the bottom line."

He added that the torula yeast product may have immune-boosting properties relative to fish meal and plans to investigate that effect in an upcoming study. He also plans to study the growth performance of pigs fed a torula yeast-based diet.

The article, "Torula Yeast Has Greater Digestibility of Amino Acids & Phosphorus, But Not Energy, Compared With a Commercial Source of Fish Meal Fed to Weanling Pigs," was published in the Journal of Animal Science. The research was supported by Arbiom Inc.

TAGS: Swine
Hide comments


  • Allowed HTML tags: <em> <strong> <blockquote> <br> <p>

Plain text

  • No HTML tags allowed.
  • Web page addresses and e-mail addresses turn into links automatically.
  • Lines and paragraphs break automatically.