Research could lead to animals with improved disease resistance and, thus, less antibiotic use, lower economic losses for farmer and improved animal welfare.
More research needed to characterize and refine inoculum.
Managing gut microbiome can help support innate immunity and gut health.
Regulations on cleanliness, ventilation and food and water are often lacking, and rules on neglect and abuse are rare.
New method will allow ILT virus to be much more easily manipulated and provides a platform for future vaccine development.
New California Waterfowl Tracker website launched to help poultry producers assess avian flu risk.