AS the region continues to experience one of the coldest, snowiest winters in recent years, growers and producers can take measures to ensure their safety in increasingly hazardous outdoor conditions, according to a safety specialist with the Ohio AgrAbility Program at Ohio State University's College of Food, Agricultural & Environmental Sciences.
While snowy, icy conditions can be a hazard for anyone, growers and producers, in many instances, have a greater risk for injuries from slips and falls because they work in areas that have a variety of walking and working surfaces, including sloped and uneven terrain, said Kent McGuire, Ohio AgrAbility coordinator for Ohio State University Extension.
Farmers have an increased risk of injury from falling because of the variety of surfaces and changes in elevation they encounter on a regular basis, he said. Livestock barns, haylofts, feedlots, wash-down areas, farm equipment steps, ladders and work platforms can all pose a potential fall hazard, McGuire said.
"Typically, farmers aren't working in controlled environments and, throughout the course of the day, will often work on several different work surfaces and different terrain types," he said. "You add an element of cold weather, ice and snow, and that increases the potential for injury from slips, trips and falls.
"If we get any significant amount of snowfall, it can reduce your perception of changes in elevation. You don't see that small change in elevation because it is hidden under the snow. It looks like a smooth surface because the snow is giving you that perception," he added.
In fact, nearly all slips or falls are caused by substandard walking surfaces, surface contaminants such as oil or grease, wearing the wrong footwear or a person's walking style, McGuire said.
To help prevent work-related injuries on farms, proper housekeeping and well-lit travel paths and work surfaces are key, he said. Also, choosing the proper footwear for weather or work conditions can lessen the potential for injury and even reduce fatigue, which is another risk factor, McGuire said.
"Vision can also be an issue of concern with falls," he said. "Extreme changes in light can intensify in the winter, which can impact your vision. This is especially true when you walk into dimly lit barns or buildings from the brightness of the snow-covered outdoors. In this case, the new environment will appear very dark or black — so you need to stop walking and take a few seconds for your eyes to adjust before moving on."
Other tips to prevent injuries include:
* Use handrails or grab bars in areas where there are stairs or changes in elevation.
* Use three points of contact when mounting or dismounting equipment, such as one hand and two feet or two hands and one foot.
* In wet or icy conditions, take smaller steps, and try to ensure that your torso stays balanced over your feet.
* Use slip-resistant matting or provide textured surfaces in potentially wet areas.
* Maintain good housekeeping in livestock barns and work areas by removing manure and keeping surfaces clean and dry.
* Repair uneven or warped flooring, protruding nails, splinters and loose boards or cracks in concrete that can create an uneven walking surface.
* Remove obstructions from travel areas such as extension cords, power cords, hoses, boxes or tools.
* Stay alert to items projecting from buildings or equipment.
* Create smooth transitions from loose gravel to other surfaces.
* Minimize distractions in order to remain alert to hazards, and avoid carrying bulky items that block your view.
Ohio AgrAbility is part of a national U.S. Department of Agriculture program that promotes independence for people in agriculture who want to continue farming after experiencing a disabling condition.