In a historic government/industry collaboration, the U.S., Canada and Mexico and their respective poultry and egg industries jointly announced Jan. 19 that they have entered into an arrangement to enhance collaboration on avian influenza and to work toward harmonizing procedures for responding to possible future detections of the virus.
Government animal health authorities from the three countries, together with the heads of trade associations that represent the poultry and egg industries, signed a letter of understanding on avian influenza during a ceremony in Los Cabos, Mexico.
"Mexico and Canada represent the lion's share of our poultry and egg trade," said Jim Sumner, president of the USA Poultry & Egg Export Council (USAPEEC). "Together, these two markets account for more than two-thirds of all U.S. turkey exports, nearly two-thirds of our egg trade and a third of our broiler exports — an annual value of almost $2 billion. That’s about one-third of the value of all U.S. poultry and egg exports in any given year."
The letter recognizes that the spread of avian influenza by migratory birds is perhaps one of greatest challenges facing the global poultry industry and that it is incumbent on the partners in the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) to harmonize their methods for dealing with avian influenza to keep their poultry production systems safe and sustainable and to minimize trade disruptions that can result from virus detections in commercial poultry.
The arrangement also creates a tripartite working group comprised of government animal health officials and industry representatives from the three countries that will serve as a forum for regular scientific discussions on avian influenza and that will also consider any recommendations involving the virus made by the World Organization for Animal Health (OIE).
Strongly supported by the three governments and the domestic industries, the letter establishes clear objectives for enhanced cooperation and lays the groundwork for sharing technical information on influenza prevention, control, preparedness, recovery and the risks of avian flu posed by migratory birds.
The signing ceremony is the culmination of discussions begun in late 2014 in Washington, D.C., between USAPEEC and the Union Nacional de Avicultores (UNA) — trade organizations that represent the interests of the poultry industries in the U.S. and Mexico.
"The relationships that exist between our industries and governments in these three countries are unsurpassed, and we're pleased to participate in signing a document that formally links our governments and industries in an unprecedented manner," Sumner said. "We're hopeful that this agreement will be an important tool to provide our industries an adequate level of protection from poultry diseases while minimizing any impact on trade. We also hope this will set a precedent for other governments and countries around the world to follow.”
The government officials who signed the document are Dr. Rick Hill, executive director of National Import-Export Services at the U.S. Department of Agriculture's Animal & Plant Health Inspection Service (on behalf of Dr. John Clifford, U.S. chief veterinary officer); Dr. Harpreet Kochhar of the Canadian Food Inspection Agency, and Dr. Enrique Sanchez Cruz of the Mexican Service of Agricultural & Food Health, Safety & Quality.
Signing on behalf of their respective industries were Sumner, UNA president Jorge Garcia de la Cadena; Canadian Poultry & Egg Processors Council president and chief executive officer Robin Horel, and Egg Farmers of Canada chief operating officer Neil Newlands (on behalf of his organization, Chicken Farmers of Canada, Turkey Farmers of Canada and Canadian Hatching Egg Producers).