Michigan Department of Agriculture & Rural Development (MDARD) state veterinarian Dr. James Averill has added novel swine enteric corona virus diseases (SECD) — including porcine epidemic diarrhea virus (PEDV) and swine delta corona virus (SDCV) — to the state's reportable animal disease list.
"Even though novel SECDs are not a food safety or public health concern, swine producers, veterinarians and laboratories are to report to MDARD all positive and suspect cases," Averill said. "Novel SECDs cause vomiting, acute watery diarrhea, loss of appetite, dehydration and may cause death in up to 80% of affected suckling pigs."
These coronaviruses spread easily and can cause significant sickness in swine, affecting their growth, production potential and health. PEDV has spread to 30 states and is estimated to have caused 7 million piglet deaths.
"These viruses are having an enormous economic impact on swine producers," Averill said. "Biosecurity is critical to reduce disease spread. Visitors, including individuals providing essential services to farms such as gas, electric, mail and feed delivery, need to be cognizant of where they are going and where they have been so they aren't spreading viruses between farms."
The U.S. Department of Agriculture has announced that it will provide assistance to state departments of agriculture, private veterinarians and swine producers to fight these viruses.
"Since novel SECDs are now reportable to the state veterinarian, we can offer services through MDARD to promote biosecurity and help control these devastating illnesses," Averill said.