Wageningen University, located in The Netherlands, has released research findings from a project conducted on a poultry farm that suffered visits from wild waterfowl, which are a source of avian influenza virus. The study revealed that when a laser was in use, a 99.7% reduction rate in wild bird visits was recorded.
Since 2003, 15 countries have recorded avian influenza virus in humans. Most cases of the virus in people have been linked to contact with infected poultry
Wageningen Bioveterinary Research (WBVR), part of the Wageningen University previously discovered that a medium-sized waterfowl, known as a Mallard, (an avian flu virus high-risk bird species) was frequenting a free-range area of a poultry farm from sunset to sunrise. This was notable from November to February, which is the typical bird migration period and when avian influenza virus is more prevalent. Therefore, chickens in the free-range area had increased exposure to the virus, due to the regular occurrence of wild waterfowl during this time.
The project leader of the study, and epidemiologist at WBVR, Armin Elbers, explained: "Several mallards came to visit the range between sunset and sunrise daily. They look for food and swim in puddles of water that are formed during the winter period by abundant rainfall in the range. While swimming in the puddles, the ducks may defecate. During the day, the chickens drink the same water, as we saw in the video camera images. In the cold winter period, the bird flu virus can survive in such water for a long time."
Wageningen University & Research did a study with the laser bird deterrent manufactured by Bird Control Group. The study explored whether the laser system could be a successful biosecurity measure to prevent avian influenza viruses from spreading from wild birds to domestic animals. The laser bird deterrent system has been used worldwide in a variety of applications to reduce bird presence. The system spooks birds away by projecting a green laser beam across areas where birds aggregate. The birds see the green laser beam as a solid object and instinctively perceive it as a physical threat, causing them to flee the area immediately.
The WBVR study took place in the winter of 2019-2020. The laser bird deterrent system was deployed on a 6-meter-high pole in the farm's free-range area of 1.5 hectares. In that area, eight wide-angle video cameras were installed to record visits of wild birds. The laser bird deterrent was active in the free-range area between 5 pm and 10 am when the laying hens were in the barn. Between 10 am and 5 pm, the laying hens were in the free-range area and the laser was used to protect the grass pastures surrounding the farm. The study was carried out over two months: one month without the laser, followed by one month with the laser.
The results indicated that virtually no wild ducks visited the free-range area (99.7% prevention rate) when the laser was in use. There was also a reduction of visits from other wild birds in the free-range area during sunrise and 10 am (> 96% prevention).
"The overall (all bird species) efficacy of the laser for reducing the rate of wild birds visiting the free-range study area was 98.2 %," the findings noted.
When the laser was not in use in the free-range area a significant amount of geese would visit the surrounding grass pastures during the day.
"In this study, we confirm the high efficacy of using lasers to reduce the daily number of wild bird visits to the free-range area of a layer farm situated in an AIV-hotspot area,” said Elbers. “Given this high efficacy, the application of these lasers becomes a viable alternative for the prevention of introduction of avian influenza infections in poultry."
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According to Elbers, free-range poultry farms located in high-risk avian flu virus areas, which had repeated introductions of avian flu virus in the past, could find the laser helpful as a preventive measure to keep wild birds away from the farm during the high-risk period (October to March).
“Poultry farms with strictly indoor accommodations have also been infected with avian influenza virus in the past due to their location near wetlands. Using a laser during the high-risk period could offer a solution to this problem too by keeping wild waterfowl away from the vicinity of the barn.”
The laser bird repellent has already been deployed at a poultry farm, Orchard Eggs, in the UK. Daniel Hoberichts, the owner of Orchard Eggs, understood the biosecurity measures that had to be taken to protect his poultry. He uses the laser bird repellent to prevent the chickens and staff from being exposed to the avian influenza virus.
“Our birds are housed across 50 acres of orchard and we want to do everything to keep them safe from infection. Once we heard about the AVIX Autonomic it seemed like an ideal solution to complement all of our other biosecurity measures,” said Hoberichts. The laser bird repellent helped reduce bird presence by more than 90%.