The National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS) and its U.S. Department of Agriculture partner agencies are encouraging hog producers to complete their surveys in 2021. The data resulting from these surveys will be valuable to individual operations and the industry as they chart a course ahead, particularly after a challenging year, NASS said.
Producers may receive one or more of the following surveys in 2021:
- Dec. 28, 2020 – April 23, 2021: Agricultural Resource Management Survey of costs and returns for hog producers, conducted with the USDA Economic Research Service. Sample size 2,080. Results available in July 2021.
- June 2021: National Animal Health Monitoring System (NAHMS) Small Enterprise Study to monitor animal health and management practices of swine operations with fewer than 1,000 pigs. Conducted with the USDA Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service Veterinary Services. Due date July 30, 2021. Sample size of 5,880.
- June 24, 2021: Feral Swine Survey to monitor damage to operations by feral swine. This year the target survey sample includes pork producers. Conducted with the USDA Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service's Wildlife Services. Sample size 15,067.
- July 2021: National Animal Health Monitoring System (NAHMS) Large Enterprise Study to monitor the animal health and management practices of swine operations with more than 1,000 pigs. Conducted with the USDA Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service's Veterinary Services. Due date August 31, 2021. Sample size 2,518.
- March, June, September, December 2021: "Hogs and Pigs" inventory, a quarterly survey conducted by the National Agricultural Statistics Service. Due dates, 15th of the month. Sample size over 5,000. Results: quarterly "Hogs and Pigs" NASS reports on March 25, June 24, Sept. 24, Dec. 23, 2021.
Agricultural Resource Management Survey
According to NASS, hog and pig producers can expect to receive the Agricultural Resource Management Survey (ARMS) from the USDA after December 28, 2020. The questionnaire focuses on hog and pig production costs and returns. Producers will have until April 23, 2021 to complete this survey. This survey is extensive and will take a significant investment of time.
To protect the health and safety of producers, partners, and employees, NASS has suspended in-person interviews. Survey respondents can complete the questionnaire and return it by mail, or complete it online here. Alternatively, a trained enumerator will follow up to collect the data by phone.
The survey will include questions about COVID-19 related impacts on production, loans or grant applications for swine operations, and loss of off-farm employment and unemployment compensation. Accurate information from producers helps inform future hog operation business decisions and livestock policy.
In addition to questions about swine operation costs and returns, this year’s survey asks about the following:
- Changes in pig placements, particularly on contract finishing operations. These questions allow for examination of how the industry reacted to the spring reduction in slaughter volumes at the farm level. Tracking placements allows for a more complete picture of the industry’s adjustment and can help identify financial impacts on contract growers.
- Whether an operation had to euthanize pigs and, if so, how many. Understanding the extent of euthanization can help individual operations and the hog industry plan for how we might better adjust to such emergencies in the future.
- Compensation received for euthanized hogs. This question allows for examination of the impact of any compensation received for euthanized hogs from integrators or from government agencies. The survey’s information on compensation allows for a better understanding of financial impacts on producers.
- Payments, grants, and loans under government programs designed to provide support to businesses affected by COVID-19.
For more information about this survey, click here.