The American Farm Bureau Federation is urging the U.S. Department of Labor to continue allowing farmers to satisfy their legal obligations under the H-2A guest worker program by recruiting U.S. workers through print advertisements.
Currently, a farmer who wants to hire employees through the federal government’s H-2A program must demonstrate that he or she tried to find U.S. workers through advertisements in a newspaper of general circulation in the area of intended employment. DOL is now proposing to eliminate the newspaper recruitment obligation and replace it with a requirement that agricultural employers seek U.S. workers via the internet, which the department says will be more cost effective and efficient for farmers.
In its comments, the Farm Bureau addressed some of the assertions on which DOL based its proposal.
The organization did not dispute DOL’s statement that data show that farm workers in the U.S. rarely, if ever, get a job through print advertisements but noted that it does not mean online advertising would be an often-used source for farm work opportunities.
The Farm Bureau pointed to the federal NAWS survey that shows that most farm workers find employment through friends, relatives or word of mouth. It also noted that at least one report cited by DOL itself states that the use of online advertising is less common to rural areas and farm workers than it is in the general population.
“General studies citing job-seeking behaviors that do not reflect rural and farm worker realities should be used with caution and not be used as a rationale for changing H-2A regulations,” the Farm Bureau said.
It also warned that DOL, in declaring that electronic advertisements offer employers a less expensive and more convenient way to share information about job opportunities to potential U.S. workers, didn’t look at the costs from all angles.
“While the placement cost of the job posting might be less online than in print, the overall costs for employers might well be greater, even while protections for U.S. workers remain unchanged,” the Farm Bureau said.
The organization described an example of an agricultural employer who received hundreds of applicants — most of them vastly unqualified — in response to an online advertisement. The online platform made uploading resumes very easy for all applicants, even if they did not meet minimum qualifications. While online ads may cost an employer less money than a print ad, there can be hefty costs associated with the time the employer then must take to contact all the job applicants -- while also keeping a record of such contacts in case of an audit -- to meet H-2A requirements.
The Farm Bureau is recommending that DOL allow the option of using either online or newsprint advertisements as a way of fulfilling the H-2A recruitment obligation. If DOL moves ahead with the transition provision it is proposing, which would allow the use of either online or newspaper advertisements only until a date specified, after which newspaper advertisements would no longer meet the recruitment requirement, the Farm Bureau suggested that the department drop the termination date for the transition and adopt a method to examine how well it is functioning.
“Only after such an evaluation should the department consider mandating online advertising or print advertisements. Additionally, should the department opt to eliminate print advertisements, it should only do so after publishing the results of its evaluation and engaging in a notice-and-comment process that affords employers the ability to comment on the department’s approach,” the Farm Bureau said.