group of pigs Scott Olson

U.S. hog inventory rises 2% year-over-year

Farrowing intentions for December-February 2018 quarter up 3% from same period last year.

United States inventory of all hogs and pigs on December 1, 2017 was 73.2 million head, a 2% increase from December 1, 2016, but down slightly from September 1, 2017, according to the latest U.S. Department of Agriculture’s “Quarterly Hogs & Pigs” report.


Breeding inventory, at 6.18 million head, was up 1% from last year, and up 1% from the previous quarter, the report showed.

Market hog inventory, at 67.1 million head, was 2% higher than last year, but down slightly from last quarter.

The September-November 2017 pig crop, at 33.4 million head, was up 3% from 2016. Sows farrowing during this period totaled 3.11 million head, up 2% from 2016. The sows farrowed during this quarter represented 51% of the breeding herd. The average pigs saved per litter was a record high of 10.74 for the September-November period, compared to 10.63 last year.

Pigs saved per litter by size of operation ranged from 7.90 for operations with 1-99 hogs and pigs to 10.80 for operations with more than 5,000 hogs and pigs.

United States hog producers intend to have 3.07 million sows farrow during the December-February 2018 quarter, up 3% from the actual farrowings during the same period in 2017, and up 5% from 2016. Intended farrowings for March-May 2018, at 3.08 million sows, are up 2% from 2017, and up 4% from 2016.

The total number of hogs under contract owned by operations with over 5,000 head, but raised by contractees, accounted for 47% of the total United States hog inventory, unchanged from the previous year.

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