Notice to deer: buffet closed
Andy Thornburg doesn’t make any money feeding deer. He makes money growing row crops.
The Wilmer, Ala., farmer, however, couldn’t grow any crops on a 23-acre field that attracted more deer than a wildlife officer could count.
“Before we put up this fence, you could come in here and see 50 or 60 deer in this field,” Thornburg says, pointing toward a solar panel attached to a battery and two rows of fencing. “One of the state game wardens told me that after the fence was put up, he’d come out at night and see nothing but eyeballs behind it.”
Those were deer with their mouths watering. The fence left the deer hungry and Thornburg and his partner in the field, Driskell Farms, with a potential for profit. The fence cost about $4,000; the farmers’ loss in 2008 was $40,000 for the cotton entree they served the deer. Thornburg notes that the cost per acre is less on bigger fields because the $1,300 solar charger powers 20 miles of fence.
• Deer damage cost one southern Alabama farm $40,000 in 2008.
• A $4,000 fence has dropped that loss to zero.
• The solar-powered fence is nearly maintenance-free.
On this field, the farmers used the Loney Fortner method of the Mega Fence, a stouter version than the Charles Dean method.
“Both the Loney Fortner and Charles Dean methods work,” says Alabama regional Extension agent Richard Petcher. “The idea of the two separate fences is to disorientate the deer and hogs. They hit one fence and continue through, but when they hit the second fence it gives them a second opinion, and normally they decide it is not worth the shock just to eat a little cotton.”
Petcher reminds growers to keep fence rows clean so weeds don’t grow up and short out the fence.
Other than that, Thornburg says, the Mega Fence is nearly maintenance-free.
Hunting and using spray material to ward off the deer was labor-intensive and didn’t work, Thornburg notes. Spray material was expensive. Shooting the deer helped minimize damage, but did not prevent it.
“We made a crop this year,” he says. “It’s made a believer out of me. I’m going to put up five or six miles of it [this year], maybe more than that.”
This article published in the March, 2010 edition of SOUTHERN FARMER.