The corn and soybean harvests are trailing their five-year averages as rain and humid conditions have, at times, sidelined combines.
The U.S. Department of Agriculture on Monday put the corn harvest at 46% completed, compared with 54% a year ago and the five-year average of 49%. Soybeans were 62% cut versus 73% a year ago and the 63% average.
Iowa, the largest corn-producing state, is 33% harvested versus 45% a year ago and the 45% average. Soybeans in that state are at 62% cut versus 78% a year ago and the 74% average, USDA said on Monday.
“Many farmers reported waiting for crops to dry down in the field before harvesting and concentrating on corn rather than soybeans,” the Iowa report said.
Illinois was further along than Iowa on the corn harvest, with 5.4 days of fieldwork last week to put it at 73% versus 81% a year ago and the five-year average of 63%. Soybeans there were 58% harvested versus 81% a year ago and the 63% average.
Nationally, corn conditions improved one point from a week ago to 74% good/excellent, while soybeans were unchanged at 74%. As a result, Farm Futures calculated that about 0.4 bu. per acre was added to the average corn yield, while its calculations showed little change in the overall soybean yield.
The harvest in Indiana also was slowed by rain, but above-normal temperatures helped dry fields. However, there were instances of the season’s first frost. Indiana’s corn harvest was at 52% completed versus the 44% average, while soybeans were at 54%, the same as the 54% average.
Winter wheat planting advanced to 72%, compared with 73% a year ago and the 73% average. Wheat emergence was at 47% versus 44% a year ago and the 45% average. Next week, USDA will add winter wheat condition ratings to the weekly progress report.
In Kansas, winter wheat was 73% planted and 47% emerged, which trailed the five-year averages. Statewide topsoil moisture declined to 9% surplus and 72% adequate from last week’s 12% and 73%.
Nationally, sorghum was 57% harvested versus the 49% average.