Cows that have witnessed wolf attacks display physical signs associated with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), according to a new study by Oregon State University.
PTSD is a psychological disorder that develops in some people who have experienced a shocking, frightening or dangerous event. This is the first study of its kind to reveal PTSD biomarkers in cattle. The findings were published in the Journal of Animal Science.
“Wolf attacks create bad memories i
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