Putting low-fat flavored milk back into schools will bolster the nutrition intake of America’s children, according to comments submitted to the U.S. Department of Agriculture by the nation’s leading dairy organizations.
In joint comments, both the National Milk Producers Federation (NMPF) and the International Dairy Foods Assn. (IDFA) praised a proposed USDA rule for the positive effect it will have on the widely recognized problem of declining school milk consumption. In 2012, USDA eliminated low-fat flavored milk as an option in the school meal and a la carte programs, which resulted in students consuming 288 million fewer half-pints of milk from 2012 to 2015.
“Removing low-fat flavored milk causes schools to fail the test of how best to provide optimal nutrition for students,” said Dr. Beth Briczinski, vice president of dairy foods and nutrition for NMPF. “Fortunately, USDA recognizes the need to be more flexible in providing schools a range of milk options to enhance the dietary intake of the nine essential nutrients milk offers.”
Milk is the number-one source of three out of four nutrients that are of public health concern because they are under-consumed: potassium, vitamin D and calcium. The dairy groups called the troubling trend “a threat to public health and to the nutritional intakes of all Americans, notably children and adolescents.”
“We appreciate USDA’s commitment to reverse declining school milk consumption by providing students with access to a variety of milk options, including the flavored milks they enjoy,” said Cary Frye, senior vice president of regulatory affairs for IDFA.
In the summer of 2017, Agriculture Secretary Sonny Perdue announced that USDA would reinstate low-fat flavored milk as an option allowed by the department. According to the interim rule published in the Federal Register site in November, school districts can solicit bids for low-fat flavored milk in the spring before the 2018-19 school year, giving milk processors time to formulate and produce a low-fat flavored milk that meets the specifications of a school district. It now allows schools to offer low-fat flavored milk during the next school year without requiring schools to demonstrate either a reduction in student milk consumption or an increase in school milk waste.
This interim rule, the comments noted, is consistent with the 2015-2020 Dietary Guidelines for Americans, which does not suggest that flavored milk should be fat-free or that there is any reason to avoid low-fat flavored milk. In fact, the guidelines “acknowledges the potentially positive role of moderate amounts of sweeteners in making foods like milk and yogurt more palatable.” Low-fat flavored milk offers the same nutritional benefits as white milk, but with a taste more children prefer. In addition, with recent formulation changes, flavored milk is now available with significantly lower levels of calories and added sugar.
The two groups told USDA that its interim rule also aligns with the recent re-examination of fat – and dairy fat specifically – in the American diet. As more scientific studies are finding that the advice to reduce fat intake was misguided, they also appear to show that full-fat dairy foods play either a neutral or beneficial role regarding the risk of several chronic diseases.
While the two dairy groups acknowledged that the interim rule does not compel schools to offer more milk options, both hope the option to do so will attract more students to school meal programs and increase average daily consumption of the drink.