While food companies, federal regulatory agencies and farmers are held responsible for ensuring the health and safety of food, not all are trusted to get the job done, according to new research from The Center for Food Integrity (CFI). The findings illustrate a dangerous trust deficit that breeds increased public skepticism and highlights the need for increased consumer engagement by the food system.
“If you’re held responsible and trusted for ensuring safe and healthy food, you are seen as a credible source,” CFI chief executive officer Charlie Arnot said. “However, if you’re held responsible but not trusted, that’s a dangerous disconnect that can’t be ignored.”
Federal regulatory agencies are held most responsible for ensuring safe food, following by food companies and farmers, according to the survey. However, when it comes to trust, federal regulatory agencies rank eighth, and food companies rank last on a list of 11 choices.
“The potential fallout is serious, and we’re already witnessing consequences in the food system as public interest in food production and processing grows,” Arnot said. “A lack of trust can result in increased pressure for additional oversight and regulations, rejection of products or information and consumers seeking alternate and perhaps unreliable information sources.”
Farmers fared better, ranking third in both responsibility and trust on the issue of ensuring safe food. CFI’s annual research, now in its 10th year, has consistently shown that consumers trust farmers. Arnot cautioned farmers against viewing the results as permission to disengage. “The good standing of farmers presents a golden opportunity for farmers to share their stories, invite consumer questions and help build trust,” he noted.
Rankings for responsibility and trust when it comes to ensuring healthy food were similar.
Segmenting by influencer audiences such as moms, Millennials, foodies and early adopters, CFI’s research surveyed U.S. consumers on more than 50 topics, including most important issues, trusted sources, purchasing behaviors, pressures affecting food choices and attitudes on farming and food manufacturing.
Research results reveal additional trust gaps when it comes to the environment, animal care and food manufacturing.
Eighty percent moderately or strongly agree that they are more concerned about global warming/climate change than they were a year ago. However, only 30% strongly agree that farmers are taking good care of the environment.
While 55% strongly agree that they have no problem consuming meat milk and eggs if the farm animals are treated decently and humanely, only 25% believe U.S. meat is derived from humanely treated animals.
Two out of three consumers (64%) hold a positive impression of agriculture, while less than half (44%) have a positive impression of food manufacturing. Around two in three people want to know more about both.
“I am often asked why consumers have a certain, often inaccurate, impression of the food system,” CFI director Roxi Beck said. “My response is simple: because farmers and food companies haven’t engaged consumers in a way that addresses their underlying concerns. The food system is making great strides toward transparency and responsiveness, which is tremendous, but there is more work to be done. It starts with identifying the drivers of concern, versus providing factual information to address the questions asked.”
Beck works closely with farmers and food companies to provide practical advice and step-by-step training to increase transparency and engagement and help close the trust gap.
Each year of CFI’s decade-long research builds on the last, and when combined, it leaves no doubt that effective engagement to earn trust goes beyond simply providing consumers with information.
“Consumers want to know that farmers and food companies share their values, so simply providing facts or information isn’t enough,” Beck said. “Meaningful engagement can be a game-changer. For example, I’ve guided dozens of on-site tours of farms and food companies, and the ‘ah-ha’ moments are often dramatic when consumers see and hear for themselves how food is produced. This is because they’ve made a personal connection with the individual expert, which allows the conversation to move forward.”
Transparency is a powerful trust-building tool that can be achieved in many ways, she said, “ranging from photos and videos to blogs that invite questions.”